In a previous article we explored why investors must have an Investment Policy Statement, which is a unifying statement of financial goals and objectives. And while this key document concerns itself with net returns after taxes, expenses, fees and inflation, today we are looking at another key function it serves: unifying family direction.
Focusing on “Hard” Investment Issues
As discussed in our recently published book “The Art Of Protecting Ultra-High Net Worth Portfolios And Estates, Strategies For Families Worth $25 Million to $500 Million”, the Investment Policy Statement also looks at what can be called “hard” investment issues at the family level, compared to “soft” issues (these are typically captured by a family constitution, which seeks solidarity of values and vision).
In the context of unifying families and aligning them as a cohesive investment group vs. a disparate set of individual investors, the Investment Policy Statement outlines mutually acceptable approaches and philosophies regarding:
- Unique Circumstances
Defining Risk Tolerance
In essence, the Investment Policy Statement defines the kind of investment-related decisions that are permitted, and those that are not. Naturally, much of this depends on each family’s risk tolerance. For example, there may be provisions that:
- Advise against short selling
- Exclude ultra-aggressive investments (e.g. commodities, puts and calls, etc.)
- Refrain from touching hedge funds
- Are open to exploring venture capital or angel investing
- Encourage “green” investments
With this in mind, in any family there are differences of opinion and varying agendas. As we all know, sometimes these viewpoints are not based on objective information or investment strategy best practices. For example, one family member may want to invest in a particular hedge fund because the child of a business partner or close friend works there.
Obviously, the Investment Policy Statement is not a magic wand, and there is no way to prevent these types of issues from arising. However, if the document is properly developed and regularly updated, then it can provide valuable guidance on how to resolve issues effectively and intelligently, and in a manner that maintains family unity.
Advising the Advisors
It is not just family members who can have different views — professional advisors can disagree as well. The Investment Policy Statement can thus serve to direct the investment path for these advisors, so they can align their counsel with the established direction and desires of the family, who they are duty-bound to serve.
Functional, but Flexible
The above discussion on the importance of a functional Investment Policy Statement should not suggest that the document is carved in stone. Yes, it must be robust and firm to be useful. Yet at the same time, it should be flexible enough to allow for diverse interpretation, while appropriately restricting the scope of debate. In this sense, family members are empowered to offer perspectives and share ideas that may ultimately end up changing investment decisions and strategies.
The Bottom Line
Investing at any level must not be haphazard, but this wisdom takes on an added significance for ultra-high net worth families, because wealth that has taken decades or generations to build can be wiped out with shocking speed. Simply put, a solid Investment Policy Statement helps families appreciate that investing is a discipline, and gives them the robust framework they need to guide portfolio management approaches and philosophies.